Compliance with Ethical Standards

Authors should include information regarding sources of funding, potential conflicts of interest (financial or non-financial), informed consent if the research involved human participants, and a statement on welfare of animals if the research involved animals to ensure objectivity and transparency in research and that accepted principles of ethical and professional conduct have been followed.

Authors should include the following statements (if applicable) in a separate section entitled “Compliance with Ethical Standards” when submitting a paper:

  • disclosure of potential conflicts of interest
  • research involving human participants and/or animals
  • informed consent

The corresponding author should be prepared to collect documentation of compliance with ethical standards and send, if requested, during peer review or after publication. The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned guidelines. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfil the above-mentioned guidelines.

1. Disclosure of potential conflict of interest

2. Research involving human participants and/or animals

3. Informed consent